ARDC: This 10.8%-Yielding Credit CEF Remains A Buy

This is an extract from an earlier article at Systematic Income Premium.

In our previous Ares Dynamic Credit Allocation Fund (ARDC) write-up six months ago, we suggested the fund was likely to hike its distribution and this is indeed what happened as the fund raised its distribution another 5%. Although its net income fell somewhat over the second half of the year likely due to a partial deleveraging, the combination of its majority floating-rate portfolio and majority fixed-rate liabilities should support its income profile over the remainder of the year. Inflation remains sticky and well above the Fed’s comfort zone which suggests that short-term rates are likely to remain elevated over the medium term – an attractive setup for the fund. ARDC is trading at a 10.8% current yield and a 11% discount.

Quick Overview

The fund’s portfolio is roughly evenly split between floating-rate and fixed-rate corporate assets. The floating-rate side is composed of individual loans as well as both CLO Equity and CLO Debt securities.


In its bond/loan allocation it is overweight Energy, Leisure and Technology sectors.


From our previous discussion of the fund about six months ago, it reduced its CCC allocation from about 10.4% to 7.5%.


Finally, the fund has a duration of around 1.7. Given its mixed bond/loan allocation, this is below the duration profile of bond funds and above that of loan funds

Income Profile

The income profile of ARDC remains very attractive. About half of the portfolio is in floating-rate assets such as bank loans and CLO Debt securities. The recent wobble in the banking sector has unwound expectations of further significant rises in the Fed policy rate. However, since the weekend bailout, the banking sector appears to have stabilized while the CPI continues to come in well above the Fed’s comfort zone. This suggests that, at the very least, short-term rates should remain elevated for the medium term, allowing funds like ARDC to generate a very attractive level of income.

A common risk of bank loans is that it puts pressure on the borrowers who have to pay an elevated level of interest expense. This is why the fund’s sizable 22% allocation to CLO Debt is attractive as it provides a significant amount of subordination, i.e. it is not on the hook for the first few defaults in the portfolio.

A second key feature of the fund and what truly sets it apart from nearly every other credit CEF is the fixed-rate preferreds it uses as a primary leverage instrument. Specifically, the fund’s liabilities are composed of $99m term fixed-rate preferreds and a $69m floating-rate credit facility. The preferreds have maturities of 2026-2028 and a weighted-average interest rate of 2.81%.

It’s hard to overemphasize what an amazing deal the preferreds are for the fund. While the generic credit CEF is paying around 6% on its leverage (roughly term SOFR + 1%), ARDC is paying 2.81% for the majority of its leverage. This relatively low cost of leverage allows ARDC to pass on more of its income to shareholders.

The latest shareholder report showed a drop in net income over the latest semi-annual period. We expected a rise in net income, however, there are a couple of factors that have likely contributed to a slowdown.

Systematic Income
Systematic Income

First, is the deleveraging by the fund. ARDC reduced its credit facility to $63m or by 17% of its overall liabilities. Although this reduced the fund’s overall income, it also reduced the fund’s cost of leverage since the interest expense of the credit facility is more than double what the fund pays on the preferreds.

Another reason for the drop in net income is likely due to its reduction in the CCC allocation by around a third. These lower-quality securities tend to feature higher coupons and so tend to contribute disproportionately to net income. Overall, the fund’s distribution coverage is very close to 100%.

Apart from the fund’s income, it’s also worth having a look at the fund’s portfolio yield profile. This is because net income misses an important contributor to yield which is pull-to-par. Once we take this into account we see that the fund’s portfolio yield on price is closer to 13%, well above its 10.9% distribution yield. This spillover yield will accrue directly to the fund’s NAV.

Systematic Income
Systematic Income

The fund’s 11% discount is slightly wider than the loan CEF sector average. ARDC has tended to trade at a wider discount than the loan CEF sector and this is still the case.

Systematic Income CEF Tool
Systematic Income CEF Tool

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